Reproductive Health Response in Conflict (RHRC) Reproductive Health Response in Conflict (RHRC)


GBV Bibliography

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Gender Based Violence Bibliography

Browse the bibliography by category, or identify publications of interest by searching the documents for a specific phrase.

For answers to frequently asked questions about the GBV bibliography please see the introduction. Please contact us with any further questions or suggestions.


  • Prevention
    A core principle of public health, Prevention is the most desirable method of addressing any community health problem. By attempting to eliminate the economic and intangible human costs incurred by incidents of GBV, prevention is pragmatic and cost-effective. Approaches included in Prevention include prophylactic, protective, deterrence and other measures.
  • Protection
    Encompasses interventions by States or UNHCR to ensure that the rights, security and welfare of refugees and IDPs are recognized and safeguarded in accordance with international standards.
  • For a comprehensive background review of the role of international law in the struggle against GBV, you may also link to the RHR Consortium background paper The Role Of International Law In The Struggle Against Sex-Based And Gender-Based Violence Against Refugee Women PDF File
  • Direct Services
    These include medical, legal, psychosocial and other assistance rendered directly to survivors, secondary survivors, or communities for both immediate needs as well as long-term development and empowerment. It is through direct services that most refugees and IDPs interact with the systems intended to meet their needs.
  • Assessment, Monitoring & Evaluation
    Sometimes called "quality control," these are the keys to effective programs. Assessment (measuring a problem or service), monitoring (keeping a check on ongoing activities) and evaluation (determining what works, what doesn't, and how to improve) are crucial to GBV efforts in any sector.
  • Sustainability
    Continuity and the ability of programs and services to function in the long-term are essential to progress in GBV. For permanent change to take place, women must be able to rely on GBV programs and services from year to year. This section includes references on funding sources both within and outside of the UN system, as well as links to information on strengthening staff and other in-house resources.
  • Background/Context
    Gender-based violence against refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) is best understood in the broader, historical perspective of refugee women's issues.
  • Further Information
    A wide array of research, academic, advocacy, media, and other organizations and websites exists for additional information or assistance on GBV in refugee and IDP settings.